What is Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)?
The Comprehensive Ranking System evaluates candidates seeking migration to Canada through the Express Entry gateway. Points are allocated to the online profile (applications) of candidates in the Express Entry pool. The score is given for four main sections. These sections or categories in CRS are –
- Core/human capital factors
- Spouse or common-law factor
- Skill transferability factors
- Additional points
It is important to note that each section contains different factors (having maximum amount of points) and candidates are awarded points for each factor.
More about each section in CRS –
Core/Human Capital Factors
Core/human capital factors include age, education, language proficiency and relevant work experience of the candidate. One of the most important sections in CRS, each factor has maximum points that can be gained by the candidate.
For instance, candidates in the age bracket of 20 to 28 years gains maximum or 100 points if willing to migrate to Canada with spouse or common-law partner or 110 points if the candidate is single.
Candidates can earn from 28 to 150 points based on their academic credentials. Please make a note that the points are allocated according to level of education, duration of academic program etc. For example, a one-year degree/diploma program can help candidates gain extra 84 – 90 CRS points, while a three-year degree program allocates 112 – 120 points.
|Core/Human Capital Factors|
|Factors||Points per factor (with spouse/common-law partner)||Points per factor (without spouse/common-law partner)|
|Level of Education||140||150|
Spouse or Common-law Factors
This factor allocates points based on spouse’s or common-law’s level of education, language proficiency, and work experience (if any). Please make a note that CRS points will be allocated to only those candidates, who will migrate to Canada with their spouse or common-law partner.
|Spouse or Common-law Factors|
|Factors||Points per factor (maximum of 40 points)|
|Level of Education||10|
Skill Transferability Factors
Candidates having a combination of skills, specifically related to language, education and relevant work experience gain points under this factor. The possible combinations are mentioned below –
|Skill Transferability Factors|
|Education||Points per factor (maximum of 50 points)|
|Good language skills in English and/or French + a post-secondary degree||50|
|Relevant work experience + post-secondary degree||50|
|Foreign Work Experience||Points per factor (maximum of 50 points)|
|Good language skills in English and/or French (CLB Level 7 or higher) + foreign work experience||50|
|Canadian work experience + foreign work experience||50|
|Certificate of qualification (people in trade jobs/ skills)||Points per factor (maximum of 50 points)|
|Good language skills in English and/or French (CLB Level 7 or higher) + certificate of qualification||50|
Candidates having siblings living in Canada, official language proficiency, education level, a valid job offer or a Provincial Nomination (PN) gains points under this factor. The possible points that can be gained by candidates, particularly if they have a valid job offer or PNP, are mentioned below –
|Factors||Maximum points per Factor|
|Brother or sister (siblings) living in Canada (citizen or permanent resident)||15|
|French/ English language skills||30|
|Post-secondary education in Canada||30|
|Canadian (valid) job offer||200|
|PN (Provincial Nomination)||600|
What is the Minimum CRS Score for Canada?
The minimum CRS points depend on the score of other candidates, who have online profile in the Express Entry pool and are waiting for the draw. Candidates, who gain maximum CRS points, receive Invitation To Apply (ITA), which is valid for two months (60 working days).
Candidates having CRS points 440 to 470 receive ITAs (Invitation to Apply) for Canada Permanent Residence. Sometime CRS ranges between 439 – 465 depending on online profile of candidates into the draw pool, cut off time and date etc.
The below-mentioned table helps candidates understand how they can gain maximum possible points in different sections/categories as well as know ways to improve CRS in order to receive ITA and secure Canada PR visa.
|Maximum Points per Section|
|Section||Maximum points per Factor|
|Core/human capital||460 points (with spouse or common-law partner)
500 points(with spouse or common-law partner)
|Spouse or common-law partner factors||maximum of 40 points|
|Skills transferability factors||100 points|
|Additional points||600 points|
Ways to Improve CRS Score
Candidates can gain more points by securing provincial nominee program (PNP), a valid job offer or enhancing work experience in their country of residence. The relevant work experience counts towards transferability points. Candidates having work experience from one year and onwards start gaining CRS points, but the maximum points are gained by applicants having relevant work experience of three or more years. Also, candidates on a payroll of an established organisation gain maximum benefit (points) since it will automatically update on the government’s system, thus strengthen the candidate’s visa application.
Apply through PNP
The Provincial Nomination helps candidates to extra 600 points in the Express Entry program. This ensures receiving the ITA by the eligible candidates. It is interesting to note that most of the Canadian provinces have Express Entry aligned PNPs that allow the authorities to identify and select profile of eligible candidates directly from the Express Entry pool. Candidates or skilled workers, whose trade or skills are in in-demand list of the province, must make the best use of PNP. It will surely boost their CRS score in Express Entry pool. Candidates can seek guidance on the PNP and related updates from trusted immigration consultant to secure jobs and better future in Canada.
Secure Valid Job Offer
Having a valid job offer that fulfils all eligibility criteria can help candidates earn extra 200 points. Candidates must seek guidance on this aspect from reliable Canada immigration consultant. The consultant helps candidates look for jobs that suit their needs. The consultant supports candidates finding a job that is in sync with the National Occupational Classification (NOC) list. It also facilitates Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) approved jobs as well as Arrange Employment Offer (AEO). Both LMIA and AEO are issued by authentic Canadian employers, hence help candidates to secure work permit and work and stay in Canada.
Improving level of education helps candidates to gain extra CRS points in the core/human capital section as well as skill transferability section (if candidates have better language proficiency or Canadian work experience). In fact, completing education from a recognised Canadian university/college or academic institute improves online profile and boosts career growth. It helps candidates to apply in various reputed organisations having presence globally.
Improve Language Skills
Interested candidates can gain extra CRS points by either mastering a foreign language, particularly French or reappear in IELTS (language proficiency assessment/test). Candidates, who are proficient in both English and French can earn good CRS points in core/human capital section. Same applies to their spouse or common-law partner, if relocating to Canada with the candidate. Learning a second language helps candidates to gain up to 22 points with a spouse or common-law partner or 24 points without spouse. It is important to remember that candidates can earn extra points in the skills transferability section for strong language proficiency (CLB 7 or higher) if they have a post-secondary degree or certificate of qualification as well as Canadian work experience.
Increase Chances of Canada Immigration Through Understanding Ways to Improve CRS Points
Clearly, the chances of success or getting through Canada immigration depend on ways to improve CRS points. Boosting the CRS score surely is the road to create bright future in Canada. In fact, having good CRS points also means having case file and visa application on fast track mode. Experts believe that if candidates have good credentials, then they can receive ITA in six to eight months, thus having more chances to secure job opportunities and PR in Canada. The Express Entry gateway offers three federal economic immigration programs and ensures keeping applications on fast-track mode.
A good CRS help the authorities to identify skills of candidates, who are required urgently in Canada and different industries in provinces. The economic immigration programs and Express Entry aligned PNPs help Canadian employers to hire right candidates and fulfil demands of labour industries and different domains/sectors.
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